The Effect of Substances During Pregnancy
Pregnant women are told to not do multiple things, they are restricted from a lot of actions. Why is that, some may question?
The pills, they kill. Drugs can have a variety of affects depending on the drug, the user, and their circumstances. Learn about the short- and long-term consequences of medications as well as how your body processes them.
Stem Cells: Why Are They So Crucial In Medicine?
Stem Cells constitute an intriguing and promising field of medicine because of their ability to regenerate and heal damaged tissue. This article covers the biology of stem cells, the pros and cons, and their promising abilities to further our study of medicine.
Heart xenotransplantation: A Story of Progress and Setbacks
Heart xenotransplantation (heart transplant where the donor heart is from an animal) has been a fleeting dream on the horizon for many decades, but with the first pig-to-heart human transplant having been attempted this year, it is time to evaluate the merits and prospects of this procedure and what it means for patients.
Monkey Pox: Public Health Response, Reporting and Stigma
What can the public health response to the Monkeypox outbreak in the summer of 2022 teach us about public health?
The Role of Personal Hygiene in Preventing Bacterial Infections
Remember when your mom used to yell at you for not washing your hands before you eat? Or maybe not maintaining good hygiene? Well, she isn’t wrong. So, what is this key role of personal hygiene and how do you implement it?
The Evolution of Sulfonylureas as Hypoglycaemic Drugs Over Time, their Mechanisms and how they Treat Symptoms of Type II Diabetes Mellitus.
This article will explain the chemistry of sulfonylureas, the pharmacology behind them and how they have changed over time to make them more effective in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Efficacy of CAR-T cell Therapy in Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who Relapse or Experience Primary Refractory Disease
CAR-T cell therapy shows promising results in cancer treatments, however, in terms of treating Hodgkin’s lymphoma it is considered an option when patients relapse or experience primary refractory disease. CAR-T cell therapy is considered a good alternative to regular treatment as the safety is high and, at the same time, it makes many patients respond…
The Evolution of Sulfonylureas as Hypoglycaemic Drugs Over Time, Their Mechanisms and how they Treat Symptoms of Type II Diabetes Mellitus.
This article will explain the chemistry of sulfonylureas, the pharmacology behind them and how they have changed over time to make them more effective in the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Ageing, genetics and Parkinson’s
Nowadays vast amounts of misinformation surface the internet, constructing controversies. Within the same spectrum, healthcare professionals seek to support or contradict the argument, through evidence-based judgement. Likewise, contributing factors of Parkinson’s disease stand firm ground between the evaluation of healthcare professionals across the platform. The Parkison’s debate, distinctly separates itself into three categories, which will…
Anxiety Disorder: Exploring The Reality Behind Having Anxiety
Anxiety. A term that is used so frequently that it lost its meaning. This article covers the biology of the illness, how it is processed in the brain, its influences on individuals and the various diagnosis and treatment.
Diabetes and Periodontal Disease
This article looks at the relationship between two diseases: Periodontal disease and Diabetes. Is there just a correlation or has a causal relationship been justified?
The Negative Influence of Coronary Heart Disease on the World
Whether or not a country is developed is irrelevant, as coronary heart disease is a prominent problem in both developing and developed countries.
Mendelian Laws: How Does a Better Understanding of These Principles Help With the Diagnosis and Treatment of Complex Diseases?
“Mendelian diseases” are single-gene diseases that are caused by mutant genes that interfere with the specific function and phenotype shown in a genome . These single-gene conditions can be readily modelled using Mendelian laws of inheritance and our understanding of these conditions is generally more complete.
Refeeding Syndrome – A Dangerous Complication of Anorexia Nervosa Treatment
Refeeding syndrome is one of the most dangerous and known complications from anorexia nervosa. This potentially lethal condition does not result in mortality itself – it is the electrolyte disturbances that occur secondary, resulting in organ failure and sometimes death.
Is communication important in the NHS?
The NHS encounters challenges constantly, the importance of revisiting failures and resolutions of prior inquiries in the NHS is paramount.
What causes stuttering, how it is treated and how it may affect people
Background Stuttering, also known as speech dysfluency, is a condition that involves involuntary verbal expressions. Often stuttering is characterised by repetitions of words, letters or sounds, however, it may also be prolongations of the latter. In other instances speech dysfluency is demonstrated through tension in one’s speech while pronouncing words. A person who stutters may…
Behind the Controversial and Forbidden Technique of Gene Editing
A deep dive into the recent innovation of CRISPR gene editing. The reasons behind its controversy and why it’s banned from nearly every nation. Answering the very questions behind the ethicality of this new technique.
When is the Next Pandemic after COVID coming? Sorry, it’s already here.
Five years ago, Bill Gates warned the world about an impending global pandemic during a TED Talk titled “The next outbreak? We’re not ready”. So, if Gates was right the first time, when can we expect the next pandemic? This article will address the implications of a mental health crisis already upon us and address…
Arya Bhatt: Water Fluoridation
Water fluoridation is the adjustment of fluoride ions within the public water supply. Through extensive research, water fluoridation has been evidenced to improve the oral health of the wider population, especially in areas of lower deprivation where levels of oral health are seen to be much worse. This article will look into how water fluoridation…
Magic Mushrooms: A Revolutionary Clinical Treatment
Introduction Psychedelics, additionally known as hallucinogens, are a class of drugs that are hallucinogenic, and can cause changes in perception, mood, and cognitive processes when they are taken by individuals (1). The most well-known psychedelic is psilocybin – the key compound in magic mushrooms, which are prominent for the hallucinogenic effects they induce when ingested…
Poxes and Vaccinations
This article discusses vaccinations through the lens of poxes, namely the small poxes that inspired Edward Jenner and the rapidly rising cases of monkey pox around the world. What are poxes? Poxes have a large double-strand DNA genome and an oval shape. Animals are the major carriers of the virus, and they also cause it.…
Is stem cell treatment a viable option in restorative dentistry?
By: Arya Bhatt Stem cells have been at the forefront of scientific research and have been an invaluable tool in the scientific field due to their fantastic properties. Their ability to divide over and over again to produce many new cells whilst specialising in the different types of cells the body requires has enabled researchers…
This article concludes the history, uses of medicinal cannabis and some misconceptions in cannabis in general.
Nanoparticles in Dentistry
This article gives a short overview into how nanoparticles within fields of dentistry can be utilised to exemplify patient treatment and improve patient satisfaction.
Importance of Oral Health
This article gives an introduction to the importance of oral health for a better overall body health and how countries all over the world are attempting to better the oral health of the general population.
Why should we not underestimate the role of epigenetics in treating cancer?
This article discusses how the discovery of epigenetic mechanisms has significantly added to our understanding on genetics. It also explains how this knowledge can be used to produce drugs which counteract these mechansisms.
Impact of Obstetrics and Gynecology upon Modern Society
An article exploring the importance of Obstetrics and Gynecology in the modern day and how its development has improved life for women globally.
Influence of Technology in Dentistry
This article briefly looks at some technologies and how they are being utilised to provide the best care for dental patients. With procedures becoming more accurate and patients receiving better care, it is only inevitable more of these technologies will be seen in the future.
The Human Respiratory System: A Marvelous Bodily Circuit or a Fragile Interconnected Network?
As you are reading this you probably don’t realise that you are breathing. That’s because it’s an automatic mechanism controlled by our brain. Why isn’t it just manually controlled? Why is breathing so important? What happens if something goes wrong? Read on to understand these questions and appreciate our meticulous yet fragile Respiratory System.
Dementia and Music Therapy: An Overview of the Most Underutilized Tool in Dementia Care and a Personal Encounter
Recently, I volunteered at a dementia care home for a month, and although I was trying to interact with the patients as much as possible, I felt like there was still a barrier whilst talking to them. A couple of weeks in, I played the piano to a very traditional and quite simple but memorable…
Vacuum Induced Uterine Tamponades (VIUTs) for Postpartum Hemorrhages
This article examines a faster and simpler non-surgical intervention to tamponade uterine bleeding in postpartum complications.
HIV/AIDS is More Than a Disease: Epidemiology, Stigma, and Future Targets
This article looks at HIV and AIDS – the diseases themselves, the stigma surrounding them and hopes for the future.
Epileptic Seizures: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and First Aid
An article discussing the different types of epileptic seizures and how they are classified, including what first aid is required.
Schizophrenia and Highly Educated Guesses: Exploring Common Practices in Treating this Psychotic Disorder
This paper aims to review the history of schizophrenia and the development of past and current treatments, both in the United States and worldwide.
Management of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy to Prevent Maternal and Foetal Mortality
Hypertensive complications in pregnancy are increasing in prevalence and often cause significant impairments in maternal and foetal mortality and morbidity. Managing and treating these disorders aims to prevent serious cerebrovascular and cardiovascular effects in the mother without compromising foetal well-being.
Dissociative Identity Disorder: Exploring the Reality Behind Having Multiple Personalities
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a frequently misunderstood condition, and some do not even believe that it exists. This article discusses the biology of the condition itself, as well as how it impacts individuals and the tragic circumstances that lead to it.
How Cold Medicine May Be Contributing to the Spread of Disease
Cold medicines are amongst the most commonly prescribed drugs by American doctors, however, healthcare professionals are beginning to acknowledge the many flaws with these types of medications. The first and most notable being increased transmission of infection, and the second being that medicated individuals may stay sick for longer. Despite these flaws, these drugs are…
The Impact of Social Media on Peer Pressure in Adolescents
Social media has proven to be a double-edged sword, especially in terms of peer pressure amongst adolescents – it is important to acknowledge its benefits, but its dangers cannot be ignored. This article explores how social media impacts today’s youth and how it induces peer pressure through the phenomena of behavioural display, behavioural reinforcement, and…
Cushing’s Syndrome: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment
An article discussing the symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment of Cushing’s Syndrome.
Fibromyalgia: The Disease Which Causes Extreme Pain With No Definite Cause or Treatment
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that can cause pain across all areas of the body and often also causes extreme tiredness, sleep, memory, and mood problems.
Preventive Medicine – Does This Field of Medicine Have The Greatest Impact On Society?
Preventive medicine involves a combination of medical practices which are designed to avoid disease and illness, with the aims of improving quality and quantity of life. This proactive approach to patient care ensures sickness is minimised to enable patients to have the best chance of recovery to optimum health.
The Science behind Cooperative Binding in Haemoglobin
This article aims to take a detailed look into the chemistry behind Cooperative Binding in Haemoglobin.
Dying: A Moving Poem
This is a beautiful poem about the process of dying, touching on the creative aspects regarding what it may feel like to die.
Evolution of Materials in Dental Fillings
This article gives a brief overview over the variety of different dental filling materials and how they have changed over the course of history to give patients the best results in the treatment of cavities.
An insight into a nagging dosh often called so by Indians in which a stripe of blisters occur anywhere on the patient’s body, wrapping around it like a snake.
Social Determinants of Health
Five environmental factors, called social determinants, influence health outcomes in different communities, and identifying and screening for these determinants provides insight on the community need for specific resources.
Split-Brain: Unbridging the bridge
This article investigates the function/importance of the Corpus Collosum in the brain. Additionally, this excerpt aims to find what would happen to the brain and body in the absence of this “Critical Bridge”
An Unorthodox Solution to Osteoarthritis
Osteoarthritis is an extremely common disease, especially among the elderly, but we have not discovered a cure for the disease. At the Department of Biomedicine in the University of Basel, Switzerland, a research team thought of using cartilage tissue from the nasal septum, a structure that holds the formation of the nose. For this study,…
Artificial Intelligence in Healthcare
This article explores some of the fantastic potential uses of artificial intelligence in the field of healthcare and why these systems are likely to become much more prevalent in the near future.
A particular type of syndrome where damaged soft tissues regrow as bone. Thus sufferers are imprisoned by their skeleton.
Ethics Behind Organ Transplantation in the Modern Day
For the past 67 years, the ability to donate viable organs to a recipient in need, known more commonly as organ transplantation, has been a life-saving treatment for those living on the edge of life. But, with great advances comes great imperfection. With the unequivocally difficult decisions of allocation, many physicians ask themselves the question:…
Frontotemporal Dementia: The Causes, Symptoms and Management
An article exploring frontotemporal dementia and its causes, symptoms as well as management.
The Human Skull: Adaptations of and Changes to the Foetal Skull
We all initially have had thoughts that the skull is simply a bone structure to protect our all important brain. However- the skull is not just this, but rather a complex, multifunctional and dynamic structure. Read on to explore it’s numerous functions and adaptations!
Xenotransplantation: Using Animal Organs to Relieve The Human Organ Crisis
The organ crisis is an ever-prominent issue as globally, the demand for healthy and well-functioning organs significantly exceeds the available supply. Xenotransplantation is a medical procedure whereby living cells, tissues or organs are transplanted from one species to another: a potential solution for the human organ crisis.
Autism Spectrum Disorders and Music Interventions
The use of music for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) dates back to the 1940s and over time has been adopted by clinicians. This article discusses the condition and its causes and analyses the potential of music therapy to improve the cognitive and social abilities of ASD patients through a neurological lens.
The Neurobiology of Use and Addiction in Opioid Use Disorder
This article is an exploration of how addictive substances, in particular opioids, are able to ‘hijack’ the brain and trap individuals into a vicious cycle of addiction. With OUD as a particularly pressing problem globally, this paper is intended to give you a brief overview of the disorder.
Donated Blood: How Is It Collected? Where Does It Go?
This article explores the journey of donated blood from a donor to a recipient by tracking its processing– how it is collected, processed, stored, and used. Blood donations are at an all time low due to the COVID-19 pandemic, making it more important than ever to become a donor.
The Cancer Treatment We’ve Been Looking For: Our Own Body
This article will explore the topic of cancer including symptoms for cancer and also possible treatment for it as well. Chemotherapy and immnunotherapy will also be discussed as treatments for cancer.
Language Development and Communication and Neuroanatomical Differences in Children with ASD
Autism Spectrum Disorders are characterized by deficits in social communication and restricted repetitive behaviors. Differences in the development of producing and processing language and body language are common in those with ASD, impact social communication, and are affected by differences in the brain.
Poor Eyesight: Why Does It Happen and What Makes It Better/Worse?
This article explores the commonality of poor eyesight among the general population and why such conditions have become more prominent in recent years. It also investigates potential factors which can better or worsen eyesight and suggests ways to avoid further damage to one of the most highly developed human sensory organs.
The 10/90 Gap and Its Impact on Malaria
The malaria epidemic has been rampant for generations, and unfortunately remains a significant problem predominantly in the developing world. This article looks at the pathology of malaria, as well as the 10/90 Gap and how this contributes to the lack of global action to tackle this problem and the root causes.
Stem Cells in Dentistry: A Regenerative Future?
In recent years, stem cells have become an exciting prospect in research science. This article gives a brief overview of the potential applications of stem cells in the dental field.
Cancer: Will We Ever Cure it, And How Long Will That Take? A Scientific and Humanitarian Perspective.
Cancer leads today’s medical research industry and is a disease affecting so many lives and mercilessly killing millions across the world. So, are we close to ever finding that perfect cure, or not?
Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS)
Stiff Person Syndrome (SPS) is a debilitating neurological disease that causes a broad range of symptoms among patients. This article explores the symptoms, causes and treatment of the condition.
Music and Dementia: A Review of The Therapeutic Benefits of Music
This article reviews the benefits of music for patients with dementia. It outlines current pharmacological treatments for dementia and the basics of music perception, before reviewing medical literature regarding music therapy.
Influence of Green Tea Consumption on Cigarette Smoking
Green tea contains many antioxidants such as polyphenols that can reduce inflammation in the lungs and protect lung tissue from the harmful effects of smoking such as lung cancer.
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome: It Might Sound Like a Dream, but It is More of a Nightmare
Alice In Wonderland Syndrome sounds like a rather harmless disease and an unusual one as well, but it is more of a deadly symptom which in most cases is fatal.
Overview of Some Advancements in Parkinson’s Disease Treatments
Parkinson’s disease is a very prominent neurological disorder, whose complexity may not be fully understood by many people. This article thus provides a scope of the new treatments being researched for this particular disease as part of understanding the significance of the disease as a whole.
“Saviour Siblings”: Taking a look at PTT
“Saviour siblings” have conjured up a controversial debate between scientists, with many critical of its potential. In this article, I explore this technology and whether it should be considered using.
Eating Disorders And Adolescents During The Pandemic:
This article explores how eating disorders have significantly escalated during the COVID-19 pandemic amongst adolescents whose lives have been uprooted and upturned since it began in November of 2019.
Treatments of Parkinson’s Disease Motor Symptoms
Despite its growing pervasiveness, there currently exists no standard cure for Parkinson’s disease. This review discusses the mechanisms utilized by four primary treatment options and utilizes research regarding the safety/efficacy of each to establish a recommendation for future research and development.
Pediatric Cancers Compared to Adult Cancers
Cancer is one of the leading causes of death worldwide, regardless of age group (pediatric or adult). Pediatric cancers are much different than adult cancers, however, and should be treated as such in healthcare settings.
The 30 Minute Malaria Test
Malaria is a dangerous disease that affects around 230 million people worldwide. In Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, a new malaria test kit has been created that is accurate and only takes 30 minutes.
Yellow Fever: A Rare Infectious Tropical Disease
Yellow Fever is an internet slang phrase that is often thrown around but the real term is actually a really rare infectious tropical disease! Learn all about the symptoms, causes, and treatment through this article that will give you all the basic information about the viral infection.
Down Syndrome : A Genetic Chromosome Disorder
The scope of this article covers the causes of the syndrome, effects, types and finally some lesser-known facts about Down Syndrome!
Aducanumab (Aduhelm), a cure to the tragedy of Alzheimer’s Disease?
The first major drug to treat Alzheimer’s diseases was recently approved in 18 years by the FDA for clinical use. While this may sound promising, it has received a lot of criticism. This article is a summary about this drug, aducanumab (aduhelm), and its hopes for the future.
The Plague in the Modern Day
The Black Death, an epidemic caused by what is known today as the plague, devastated Europe and much of Western Asia during the 1300s. Many assume that the plague is a thing of the past, and they are partially right. However, that raises the question: how is the plague fairing in the modern world?
The Exoticization of Epidemics
Scientists often study local customs, traditions, and practices before implementing an epidemic control centre in a respective country. This is when anthropology and science combine their forces to work towards a similar goal. However, this marriage of anthropology and science may prove to be detrimental for healthcare due to the subconscious presence of prejudices and…
Physical Inactivity: A Petty Problem or a Serious Health Concern?
As sedentarism sweeps through today’s world, we must be cognizant of the damage we are doing to our minds and bodies. Not only does physical inactivity deplete your brain of crucial hormones needed for well-being, therefore increasing the risk of mental illness, but it also wreaks havoc on your physical health and is an increasingly…
The Increasing Prevalence of Autoimmune Diseases
An autoimmune disease is a condition arising from abnormal immune responses which attack body parts, resulting in tissue damage, and often inflammation. Common diagnoses include Multiple Sclerosis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus.
Motor Neuron Disease: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
An article exploring the causes, symptoms and various types of motor neurone disease. The article also looks at the current treatments to try to improve patients’ quality of life.
A Look Into India’s Black Fungus Epidemic
As India’s COVID cases skyrocket each day, doctors have recently been reporting a rash of cases of a rare infection: the black fungus. Cases are seen mostly among recovering and recovered COVID-19 patients. In this article we will be debunking the facts about the new Black Fungus Infection of India.
Phantom Limb: Perceiving the Invisible
Phantom limb is the perception of pain or sensations of a limb that is no longer attached to the body. This remains as a poorly understood condition, and intense research is ongoing due to the acute and chronic nature of this phenomenon.
An Overview of Dietary Supplements
Dietary supplements are taken by half of the United States’s population at least once daily. Find out about what they are, how they are used, their benefits and side effects and more in this article.
Coronary Artery Disease
Coronary artery disease is a very prominent disease affecting numerous individuals throughout the world. In the United States, it is currently the most common heart disease.
SSRIs: Helping You or Hurting You?
When faced with conditions such as depression and anxiety, psychiatrists are quick to prescribe selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS). While these medications are effective in alleviating psychiatric symptoms, many fail to acknowledge the serious long-term and short-term repercussions these drugs pose.
Predicting Heart Attacks
Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Dr. Milzi and her research team in Germany developed one way to predict heart attacks.
A Brief History of Organ Transplantation: The Past, Present, and Future
An article based on the Cambridge Science Festival lecture “The Horrible History and Bright Future of Organ Transplantation”.
ADHD, ASD, and Schizophrenia
There are several psychological disorders and if we begin to study them one by one, we will be able to observe very distinct characteristics in each one. However, the scope of this article covers 3 common psychological disorders and includes a brief but explanatory profiling of each
What OCD Really Entails
Many of us have all too often heard phrases along the lines of, “this is making me feel OCD” or “I’m so OCD about this thing,” but what is OCD really? Is it as simple as being particular about the arrangement of objects in a given space or the order of colours and letters, or…
Understanding the Opioid Crisis in the United States
Opioids are a group of psychoactive chemicals which affect our body in various ways. Find out about their side effects and get a brief overview of the history of their use in the United States.
Dyslexia: The Reading Disability
Today, dyslexia is the most common learning disability in the United States, affecting 2-15% of the population. The disability substantially interferes in school and work settings, impairing the education of young children.
Insomnia is a condition of sleep disorder present in the lives of many people. People with insomnia experience hardships in terms of going to sleep, falling asleep, and experience sleep in general in their day-to-day life. Out of all sleep disorders, insomnia is emphasized to be the most common amongst many individuals. Overall, insomnia is…
Alice In Wonderland Syndrome : A Very Rare Neurological Disorder
Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a very rare neurological disorder also known as Todd’s syndrome. The causes of this rare disease are mysterious and if you’d like to learn more about this disorder check this article out!
How Have Viruses Contributed to Human Evolution?
Evolution can be defined as the biological process by which the physical characteristics of creatures change over time, new types of creatures develop, and others disappear. With the recent coronavirus pandemic it’s very easy to regard viruses as the enemy of evolution: an arm’s race between a host and a pathogen. This article will explore…
Phobias and How We Can Treat Them
Phobia: the irrational fear of an object or situation. Almost everyone has some irrational fears, however, phobias are when this fear inhibits you from staying grounded and makes you uncontrollable. Specific phobias are one of the most common mental disorders, with an estimated prevalence ranging from ~7% to ~15%.
Management for Heart Attacks: Angioplasty and Bypasses
An article to explore the causes and pathology of heart attacks and potential treatment options.
Link Between Social Media and Mental Illness
In today’s digital age, many children are given cellular devices before they have even reached 12 years old. Upon receiving these new phones or tablets, children are immersed into an unfamiliar yet intriguing online world of viral videos, photoshopped images, and trendy lifestyles. While seemingly benign, this newfound online immersion can be detrimental to a…
Alzheimer’s Disease: Symptoms, Causes, and treatment
Alzheimer’s, a type of dementia, affects memory, thinking and behavior. Oftentimes the effects of Alzheimer’s can influence daily tasks. It alone accounts for 60-80% of all dementia cases. It’s a common misconception that Alzheimer’s is a normal part of aging, those who are older are at a higher risk, but nearly 200,000 Americans under the…
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