An article based on the Cambridge Science Festival lecture “The Horrible History and Bright Future of Organ Transplantation”.
There are several psychological disorders and if we begin to study them one by one, we will be able to observe very distinct characteristics in each one. However, the scope of this article covers 3 common psychological disorders and includes a brief but explanatory profiling of each
Many of us have all too often heard phrases along the lines of, “this is making me feel OCD” or “I’m so OCD about this thing,” but what is OCD really? Is it as simple as being particular about the arrangement of objects in a given space or the order of colours and letters, or is it much more of a severe, and potentially life changing condition that affects how many individuals function in their daily lives…
Opioids are a group of psychoactive chemicals which affect our body in various ways. Find out about their side effects and get a brief overview of the history of their use in the United States.
Today, dyslexia is the most common learning disability in the United States, affecting 2-15% of the population. The disability substantially interferes in school and work settings, impairing the education of young children.
Insomnia is a condition of sleep disorder present in the lives of many people. People with insomnia experience hardships in terms of going to sleep, falling asleep, and experience sleep in general in their day-to-day life. Out of all sleep disorders, insomnia is emphasized to be the most common amongst many individuals. Overall, insomnia is proven to be heavily detrimental in the lives of those who have it as they may experience negative and fatigue-like effects due to this disorder.
Alice in Wonderland syndrome is a very rare neurological disorder also known as Todd’s syndrome. The causes of this rare disease are mysterious and if you’d like to learn more about this disorder check this article out!
Evolution can be defined as the biological process by which the physical characteristics of creatures change over time, new types of creatures develop, and others disappear. With the recent coronavirus pandemic it’s very easy to regard viruses as the enemy of evolution: an arm’s race between a host and a pathogen. This article will explore aspects of human evolution that blur this dichotomy. More specifically how viruses influenced the development of the placenta, the brain and the immune system.
Phobia: the irrational fear of an object or situation. Almost everyone has some irrational fears, however, phobias are when this fear inhibits you from staying grounded and makes you uncontrollable. Specific phobias are one of the most common mental disorders, with an estimated prevalence ranging from ~7% to ~15%.
An article to explore the causes and pathology of heart attacks and potential treatment options.
In today’s digital age, many children are given cellular devices before they have even reached 12 years old. Upon receiving these new phones or tablets, children are immersed into an unfamiliar yet intriguing online world of viral videos, photoshopped images, and trendy lifestyles. While seemingly benign, this newfound online immersion can be detrimental to a child’s mental and emotional wellbeing.
Alzheimer’s, a type of dementia, affects memory, thinking and behavior. Oftentimes the effects of Alzheimer’s can influence daily tasks. It alone accounts for 60-80% of all dementia cases. It’s a common misconception that Alzheimer’s is a normal part of aging, those who are older are at a higher risk, but nearly 200,000 Americans under the age of 65 have been reported to have Alzheimer’s.
Sickle cell disease is a hereditary health condition that impacts millions of lives across the globe. Researchers have found that we need to place more emphasis on other aspects of this disease, aside from biological, in order to improve treatment.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) is the leading cause of death for infants who are between 1 to 12 months of age in the United States, yet it is broadly defined with much that remains unknown about its cause. The mysterious and unexpected nature of SIDS has raised alarm and resulted in awareness campaigns such as the US “Safe to Sleep” campaign.
Hours and hours of mindless scrolling does not happen out of nowhere. In our brains, we derive pleasure from the dopamine reward system. As we indulge in social media, this system gets activated and reinforces our behavior to keep us addicted.
This article discusses the causes, consequences, and significance of anosognosia, a mental condition that may be easily overlooked without caution. The strange concept of this condition raises the question of how one chooses to believe in something, and whether the act of believing is localized in the brain.
A clinical entity with a resemblance of stars on a clear night having calcium lipid complexes being suspended throughout the vitreous collagen fibrils.
More than 30 million people living in the US will have an eating disorder at some point in their lives. Eating disorders are psychological conditions that are related to tenacious eating habits that harm your health. Eating disorders could negatively impact your heart, bones, digestive system, and bones.
Prion diseases, also referred to as transmissible spongiform encephalopathies (TSEs), are able to affect humans and animals and can be transmitted by the consumption of infected meat products. With approximately three hundred cases reported in the U.S. every year, prion diseases are a family of rare progressive neurodegenerative diseases and are identified by certain characteristics such as, changes in neuronal loss, and dysfunctioning inflammatory response.
Non-communicable diseases are probably the most important worldwide health problem of the 21st century. A leading cause of death globally, we need serious action in order to tackle this ‘epidemic’. This article discusses the current situation of NCDs through analysis of its global impact and patterns, along with focused research into diabetes in particular.
On February 27, the Food and Drug Administration approved Johnson & Johnson’s single dose COVID-19 vaccine. Johnson & Johnson now plans to ship approximately 20 million doses by the end of March. What do we know about this vaccine?
In the last thirty years, a significant finding in the world of medicine was the discovery of prions. Essentially, prions are misfolded proteins that can cause neurodegenerative diseases. One of the earliest cases of a prion-caused disease was scrapie, a disease afflicting sheep.
Sleep deprivation is becoming increasingly prevalent among our youth. In fact, an estimated 50% of children do not receive an adequate amount of sleep each night. In order to solve this crisis, we must ask ourselves: why is sleep deprivation so common, what effects does it have, and how can we put a stop to it?
Muscular dystrophy is a group of rare conditions that causes progressive muscle weakness and degeneration. It most commonly affects young boys, but it can affect others of any age as well.
Sleep, the naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, is known to be one of the necessities of a healthy life and unhinge one’s state of stress and worry through a period of relaxation. This article discusses the culprit of procrastination and its correlation with sleep.
Maladaptive daydreaming, or MD, is characterized by lucid daydreaming lasting several hours at a time. MD sufferers are often so immersed in these daydreams, that they neglect prior responsibilities or commitments, resulting in impaired social skills and/or chronic stress.
With technological advancements and progress in understanding the human body, scientists begin to wonder whether there is a cure to aging.
Eating is a part of our everyday lives. Yet, our eating habits don’t just reflect our dietary needs. Judgments of dietary problems, explicitly anorexia nervosa, convey the most noteworthy demise pace of all emotional wellness issues.
Vitamin supplements are advertised as essential for our health. These supplements have become extremely common over the years, and many people take supplements daily. Unfortunately, there are many false claims surrounding vitamin supplements as well.
Conditions and medications affect our bodies as well as our hair. The way our hair feels, looks, and behaves reveals more about our health than initially meets the eye. Drastic changes in your hair could indicate nutritional and health issues.
The growing conversation about mental health in the United States has sparked necessary change in treating mental health. However, as research into the health effects of mental health facilities becomes more accessible, the United States will be able to properly tackle the mental health crises.
Aside from drowning and physical injuries, one of the biggest hazards that come with flooding are infectious diseases. Leptospirosis, a zoonotic bacterial disease, is one such example, commonly reported after flash floods. With the ever-growing problem of climate change, possibly causing an increase in flooding occurrences globally, what exactly is the state of Leptospirosis internationally?
Influenza, or the flu, is known and experienced in many lives. It is an infection that is experienced in the human body, specifically a viral infection. The risk level of Influenza or the flu varies and can be detrimental, or even deadly, to one’s life.
Approximately 5 in 100 people in the US, over the age of 12, suffer from hypothyroidism. This condition, more commonly known as an under-active thyroid, can cause unpleasant symptoms such as chronic fatigue which can make the daily lives of those affected significantly harder.
You may have heard about the Body Dysmorphic Disorder, better know has body dysmorphia because it is very common. 1 in 50 people suffer from body dysmorphia daily and it affects 1.7% of the population. Learn more about what this common disorder is and all there is to know about body dysmorphia.
HIV infections have spread throughout women through a prolonging period of years. However, a new breakthrough appeared, allowing for women to possibly take long-lasting shots rather than daily pills of two drugs. The real question comes to what would battle HIV further: pills or shots?
Food allergies. They’re a simple annoyance that you have to constantly worry about. There’s a likely chance that someone you’ve come across or even yourself have an allergy whether life-threatening or a micro level reaction that will only cause a rash at most. That’s where OIT comes in. This article focuses on the OIT for peanut allergies approved by the FDA on January 31, 2020.
Most people will contract strep throat at some point in their lives. For most, this means staying home and resting until symptoms remit, but what happens when those symptoms go from a fever and sore throat to a psychological nightmare?
America currently has a mixed health care system, composed of elements from both private and public structures. Despite having elements from both sides, the United States approach to healthcare is a heavily debated topic– primarily in regards to morals and ethics.
Retinal detachment is the term that means the retina (the thin coating at the back of your eye) becomes loose. This disease must be treated urgently to preserve sight, typically through surgery.
Progeria, a rapid yet rare illness, occurs in many youths, sadly halting their lives and their health. However, this disease has been met with a cure yet until an important company found Zokinvy, which could potentially change affected lives forever.
Have you ever wondered why those around you have back problems? Most likely it is the result of Osteoporosis, a bone disease that has effected more than 10 million Americans today. With that, a new advancement was developed to help treat this issue. It is called Romosozumab.
Oftentimes, we find ourselves struggling to get a decent night of sleep. When this problem persists, it is possible that effects of insomnia are at play. Such a common disorder is something to be wary of, especially since sleep is a crucial mechanism that we take for granted.
Insomnia is the most widely recognized rest protest. It happens when you experience difficulty nodding off or staying asleep despite the fact that you had the occasion to get an entire evening of rest. Learn more about the side effects, studies, and treatments surrounding this disease!
As one of the many success stories of medical prostheses, cochlear implants are capable of providing a sense of hearing through electrical stimulation.
Have you ever experienced the feeling of familiarity before? Well, what you might be feeling is Deja Vu. Experiencing deja vu is very normal and can happen to anyone. Learn more about the causes and implication of this mysterious condition.
Bipolar disorder is a psychological illness set apart by extraordinary changes in disposition. Manifestations can incorporate an amazingly raised disposition called madness and can likewise incorporate scenes of gloom.
Depression is an enigma of a disorder, with many unclear causes. One surprising source behind a certain type of depression is the changing of seasons throughout the year; such an unexpected phenomenon is more common than one would think.
Alice in Wonderland Syndrome or Todd’s syndrome is a fascinating neurological condition. It affects the visual perception of individuals, as things around them can appear as bigger, closer and distorted.
Glaucoma is an eye condition categorized by damage to the optic nerve. Learn about the causes, symptoms, and diagnosis of this genetic disease.
The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus impacting over 38 million people in the world. Throughout time, our research has expanded on this once extremely fatal illness, and this article explores our progression of knowledge on such a virus.
Schizophrenia is a chronic mental disorder that affects less than one percent of the U.S. population. However, with treatment, maximum signs and symptoms of schizophrenia will significantly enhance the likelihood of being able to diminish its effects and carry out a normal life.
Hemorrhoids is a condition where the veins in and around the anus swell up. It affects approximately 1 in 20 people in America, both men and women. Learn about the symptoms, risks, and prevention measures of this condition.
Epidermodysplasia Verruciformis, otherwise referred to as “Tree Man” syndrome in recent media coverage, is a growing interest in recent medical research. But what exactly is “tree man” syndrome and what does living with this condition entail?
With the upcoming presidential elections of 2020, healthcare is a topical issue. Namely, a switch to a public-funded system. To compare the outcomes, the American system will be compared to the Canadian and Australian systems.
Researchers from Johns Hopkins and Oxford University have made great progress in the journey to cure cancer when they found a method of killing breast cancer cells without also killing healthy cells.
Many mental illnesses are misconstrued by the media, and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, or OCD, is not an exception. While you may think of OCD as being obsessively neat and tidy, the fact is that it’s much more than that.
Throughout time, obesity has been a disease that scientists have been researching. Although stated to be caused by unhealthy behaviors and eating habits, scientists discovered a different cause–genetic variants.
Pain is inevitable, whether it’s a stub to the toe or a scrape on the knee. However, this isn’t the case for all. Learn more about Congenital Analgesia and the agony of feeling no pain.
Thyroid eye disease is an autoimmune condition in which the eye muscles and fatty tissue behind the eye become inflamed. Learn about the diagnosis and symptoms of this disease and what current treatment there is for TED.
Lung cancer is a type of disease where your lung cells mutate and can’t function properly. There are many symptoms as well as diagnosis and treatment methods of lung cancer.
State-mandated childhood vaccinations have always been a controversial topic. Now with the rise of the internet, more individuals are concerned about the effects mandatory vaccinations will have on our safety and liberty, despite the overwhelming positive effects that will result if childhood vaccinations become state-mandated.
Tay-Sachs is a deadly disease that can affect a babies mobility, sight, and hearing. Tay-Sachs is usually found amongst infants who are typically from the ages 3-6 months old and symptoms usually progress from then on out. Children with Tay Sachs don’t live a long life and typically pass away by the age of 5.
Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, enervating disorder that can impact several aspects of an individual’s life and cause educational difficulties. Thankfully, doctors have found ways in which to treat this disorder.
Unbeknownst to many, saliva has many purposes, both inside and outside of our mouths. Aside from it allowing for the mastication and swallowing of food, saliva from humans and other organisms have health benefits behind them.
Melanoma is a form of a skin cancer that develops from melanocytes, the cells that produce the pigment (melanin) for one’s skin. The exact cause of melanoma is unidentified, however, studies have shown how melanoma can be caused due to an unhealthy amount of exposure to ultraviolet radiation.
The concept of palliative medicine began in 1967 with British nurse Dame Cicely Saunders’s construction of the first hospice centre. It has evolved into a medical approach that focuses on prevention and relief from any kind of physical, psychological, social, and spiritual pain and suffering that is experienced by patients and their families.
Alport Syndrome is a genetically inherited kidney disease. It is caused by genetic mutations of the collagen IV family of proteins, which are a major part of basement membranes present in all tissues, including the kidney, inner ear, and eye. This analysis will identify clinical features of this disease, its diagnosis, and common types and symptoms.
Olfactory receptors, their involvement, and their potential to act as targets for treating colon/colorectal cancer, more so than many other types of cancer, seems to be promising as being efficacious. Nevertheless, whether humans would be able to find a way to consciously recognize the scent of specific cancer directly is heavily questionable.
Antibiotics are medicines that fight infections in human beings and animals. They work by killing the bacteria or by making it difficult for bacteria to multiply and grow. Antibiotic medicines have revolutionized drugs and influence our everyday life, as they are used in a wide range of places.
Researchers have found that the utilization of agrochemicals has accelerated the transmission process of schistosomiasis. Some effects of agrochemical pollution include eliminating snail predators, increasing algae which are a main food source for the snails, as well as impacting the schistosome parasites’ survival directly.
Parry-Romberg syndrome is an incredibly rare disorder characterized by the slow, progressive deterioration of the skin and soft tissues of half of the face and, in very rare cases, the entire face. In some cases, Parry-Romberg will not only affect the face of a patient but certain limbs as well. Neurological abnormalities, or abnormalities with the subject’s teeth and/or eyes, are other side effects from Parry-Romberg syndrome.
Nystagmus is an involuntary shaking of the eye, or both eyes, similar to a twitch. They can move in different directions: vertical, horizontal, and in circular motions. Typically, nystagmus is a sign of another underlying eye or neurological condition. If someone has nystagmus, it can be picked up using special equipment and tests, one being the caloric reflex.
MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs that regulate the expression of most of the genes in humans. This review depicts the potential for MicroRNAs, more specifically, MiRNA-146a as a potential target and biomarker for the treatment of neurological diseases, focusing on its involvement within Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in particular.
We all know the grave effects of Alzheimer’s disease on a person. The serious and fatal forgetfulness, along with the dissociation from the outside world and family, makes the disease the “6th leading cause of death in the United States.” However, a more innovative and common solution is in many people’s households has been shown to fight the disease: cinnamon.
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