Biomedical Research

How Cold Medicine May Be Contributing to the Spread of Disease

Cold medicines are amongst the most commonly prescribed drugs by American doctors, however, healthcare professionals are beginning to acknowledge the many flaws with these types of medications. The first and most notable being increased transmission of infection, and the second being that medicated individuals may stay sick for longer. Despite these flaws, these drugs are effective at alleviating symptoms, so whether or not to go through with taking them is ultimately a personal choice.

Mitochondrial Replacement Therapy: An Ingenious Breakthrough or Recipe for Disaster?

Mitochondrial replacement therapy is an emerging reproductive technology that produces an embryo with three genetic contributors. In 2015, the United Kingdom legalized mitochondrial replacement therapy. The New Scientist reported the birth of the first healthy child conceived by mitochondrial replacement therapy in 2016. This was led by New York-based physician Dr. Zhang. This was followed by a media frenzy, scientific debates, and ethical concerns from around the world. This article explores the aim, procedures, types, policies, and debates on this novel assisted reproductive technology.

Lab-Grown Food and the Environment

With the importance of resource conservation becoming apparent in recent years, companies are beginning to experiment with lab-grown meat to make it a viable alternative to animal meat. Scientists are also beginning to examine the emergence of lab-grown meat and consider the benefits and detriments of this rapidly growing alternative.

The Role of Language in Addressing Vaccine Hesitancy

One factor that is crucial in addressing vaccine hesitancy is the discussions between healthcare providers and patients. Although seemingly insignificant, the language used by providers during these conversations may influence the vaccination decisions of patients, an influence which has the potential to be beneficial when utilized alongside other interventions.

Pirfenidone: Using Lung Medicine to Treat Heart Failure

Recent research on the use of pirfenidone suggests it may be suitable for treatment in patients with heart failure. The drug is already approved for treating idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and has shown some promising results in the reduction of myocardial fibrosis in patients with a preserved left ventricular ejection fraction, potentially providing a new approach to treating heart failure.

Nanotechnology In Cancer Therapeutics and Imaging

While current cancer therapies have undoubtably saved many lives, they are currently toxic and have the potential to be greatly improved using nanotechnology. This article is a review of novel nanoparticle-based cancer therapeutic/diagnostic studies and concludes with a nanotechnology-based ovarian cancer therapy proposal.

What is Homeopathy? Does it Work?

We often hear about forms of alternative medicine, which are medications not usually prescribed by doctors. Some of these have been popularized recently, while others have been passed down for generations. Out of all of these, homeopathy has remained one of the most prominent variants of alternative medicine. Why is it so popular, and is there any merit to it?

Why Is the Discovery of New Antibiotics So Difficult?

In 2018 Isabelle Carnell-Holdaway a cystic fibrosis sufferer was put in ICU after an aggressive infection of Mycobacterium abscessus, a relative of tuberculosis, spread to her liver putting it at risk of failure. With no new classes of antibiotics discovered and available for routine treatment since the 1980s, she was left with a 1% chance of survival. However in under two years, Isabelle went from receiving end-of-life care to preparing to sit her A-levels and learning to drive. It had taken an experimental bacterio-phage therapy treatment instead of antibiotics to save the life of a girl with a seemingly untreatable bacterial infection. This articles will take a look at a few of the factors which made the discovery of an antibiotic that could have treated Isabelle so difficult.

Replicative Crisis: Mapping Cellular Fates and Identifying Determinants between Cell Survival and Death

In order to divide indefinitely, most cancerous cells activate the enzyme telomerase, which elongates telomeres. To express telomerase, cells typically survive a state known as replicative crisis. This work explores two areas critical to understanding crisis-related mechanisms: the generation of chromosomal aberrations and cytosolic DNA species during crisis and determinants of cell death versus survival during crisis. Understanding these domains is critical to understanding the process of cancer cell immortalization.

How Have Viruses Contributed to Human Evolution?

Evolution can be defined as the biological process by which the physical characteristics of creatures change over time, new types of creatures develop, and others disappear. With the recent coronavirus pandemic it’s very easy to regard viruses as the enemy of evolution: an arm’s race between a host and a pathogen. This article will explore aspects of human evolution that blur this dichotomy. More specifically how viruses influenced the development of the placenta, the brain and the immune system.

The Race for the Covid-19 Vaccine

There has been a lot of controversy regarding the COVID-19 vaccine development and many challenges still lie ahead despite the fast-paced rollout of various candidates. In this article I explore the way in which this extreme development has occurred due to the pressure and competitive atmosphere we are presently in, as we face a rat race with each nation striving for their own success. This individualised approach is failing to truly achieve the global effort we need in stamping out this pandemic.

What is Antibiotic Resistance?

In the age of modern medicine, antibiotics are prescribed regularly. Antibiotics are helpful in preventing harmful conditions and have reduced fatalities by a large number. Unfortunately, a new problem known as antibiotic resistance is emerging as bacteria becomes resistant to antibiotics. Why is antibiotic resistance growing, and how can it be stopped?

Drug Pricing in the United States

Drug costs are a prominent issue in American healthcare. To investigate health care reform, one must examine the depth of the issue and what can be done. Americans pay higher drug costs than the rest of the world, despite their higher wages and while they also use newer and stronger drugs, some claim that the US is shouldering the burden for drug innovation.

The Future of Genetic Engineering

This article covers the current progress of genetic editing, and the future of ‘baby-making” or “designer babies”. It also provides an insight into the ethical dilemma and unavoidable exploitation that accompanies the medical advantages of advancement of genetic engineering.

COVID-19: Can’t We Just Clean The Air Of It?

A year into the global pandemic, more public spaces are re-opening, even when the public remains vulnerable to COVID-19 transmissions. While vaccination and herd immunity remains to be the best approach to handle COVID-19, there are fad products booming in the market, which often promote themselves as the virus end-all-be-all product. But exactly how accurate are these marketing schemes and strategies?

How Does Memory Work?

Memory is a complex process that makes us who we are. We are a combination of our memory, namely our past experiences. Obviously, our memory isn’t perfect- how many times have you forgotten your keys someplace? Why do we forget things, and how does the process of memory work?

Narcolepsy: The Chronic Sleep Disorder

Narcolepsy is a rare chronic sleeping disorder that affects 1 in 2,000 people. This sleeping disorder can affect one lives in various dangerous ways. Those who suffer from narcolepsy find an urge to constantly fall asleep and this could lead to dangerous scenarios like falling asleep while doing normal activities like driving.

Einstein’s Brain

Some minds are so exceptional they completely change the world. Although the reasonings behind the abilities of these minds are not entirely founded, study and research can help to unfold it all. One of the most remarkable minds belongs to one of the greatest physicists of all time. An insight into the brain of the genius scientist, Albert Einstein.

Hemispherectomy: Removing Half of the Brain

The brain is the most crucial organ in our body, controlling all the functions of the body and processing all the information it receives. Sometimes, epileptics have excessively damaging seizures that can damage the entire brain. In this case, removing parts of the brain is actually a solution: hemispherectomy!

The National Psychiatrist Shortage: A Public Health Threat

Introduction A report published by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) identified a scarcity of behavioral health professionals as the primary barrier to meeting the national demand for mental health services. In the United States (U.S.), one in five people have some form of psychological disorder (Weiner, 2018). Moreover, as the demand for psychiatrists […]

Tai Chi: The Martial Art of Healing

While people often view medicine in the form of prescriptions and surgeries, there are often activities to prevent or mitigate health issues. Tai chi is a martial art that is typically thought to only be performed by seniors, but people of all ages can practice tai chi and improve their overall health.

Bromelain: The Enzymes in Pineapple

Bromelain is an aqueous enzyme extract obtained from both the stem and fruit of the pineapple plant and it’s the cause of why your tongue may become irritated or hurt when eating pineapple. This article will briefly explore bromelain’s uses within treating inflammatory diseases, specifically osteoarthritis.

Does Cell Phone Radiation Cause Cancer?

Cell phones are such a vital part of our everyday lives. Children need technology for school and adults need it for work. Virtually anywhere you go, there is technology present. However, studies show that cell phones can actually be a cause of cancer, and have detrimental effects on the body.

The Ketogenic Diet and Epilepsy

The ketogenic diet, commonly referred to as “keto”, is an increasingly popular recent trend in the dieting world. However, new studies show that this diet doesn’t only help put off a few pounds; it can also be used to help epileptic patients and improve the trajectory of their condition.

A Systematic Method of Testing, Tracking and Predicting Outbreaks Using a Global Database

The purpose of this proposal is to establish a systematic method of testing and tracking to prevent another pandemic. This method depends on the creation of a global database and the use of generic viral testing, antigen testing, and data analysis prediction models. Implementing a standard method of testing at various ports of entry will help prevent the recurrence of another pandemic.

Phage Therapy: An Alternative to Antibiotics

The continuous use and often misuse of antibiotics, has resulted in the formation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria carrying resistance genes (Lin, Koskella, & Lin, 2017) which encode proteins that annul the effect of these antibacterial agents. The alarming increase in antibiotic resistance has led to a renewed interest in phage therapy; especially the therapeutic use of phages to treat bacterial infections.

Discovering Genotypes Through Gel Electrophoresis

Humans are able to isolate their DNA through a series of different techniques such as using centripetal force and alternating temperatures in order to later use the isolated DNA in a Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) experiment. In this article, I am going to discuss how I used my remaining products from my PCR experiment to discover my genotype.

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