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Heart xenotransplantation: A Story of Progress and Setbacks

Heart xenotransplantation (heart transplant where the donor heart is from an animal) has been a fleeting dream on the horizon for many decades, but with the first pig-to-heart human transplant having been attempted this year, it is time to evaluate the merits and prospects of this procedure and what it means for patients.


The Science Behind Déjà Vu

Have you ever looked at something and have had an eerie thought of familiarity? “Wait, I feel like I have already been here before..”, “This is so weird, I swear I met you somewhere..”, or even something as simple as, “I felt like I already bought the groceries for this week.” So, what is this feeling? Will science be able to explain it? 

Exploring The Nervous System

The Nervous System is the body’s internal communication system. These sensory cues are interpreted by the brain to understand what is going on outside and inside the body. Without the Nervous System, we would never understand what’s going on.

AI and Moral Status

With the rapid advancements in the intersection between neuroscience and technology, the existence of Artificial General Intelligence has become more a question of when rather than if. Such an entity will lead to questions regarding morality, specifically moral status. This article aims to discuss moral status in Artificial General Intelligence. In the end, it is important for experts to value public opinion when forming their decision.

Efficacy of CAR-T cell Therapy in Patients with Hodgkin lymphoma who Relapse or Experience Primary Refractory Disease

CAR-T cell therapy shows promising results in cancer treatments, however, in terms of treating Hodgkin’s lymphoma it is considered an option when patients relapse or experience primary refractory disease. CAR-T cell therapy is considered a good alternative to regular treatment as the safety is high and, at the same time, it makes many patients respond to treatment.

Ageing, genetics and Parkinson’s

Nowadays vast amounts of misinformation surface the internet, constructing controversies. Within the same spectrum, healthcare professionals seek to support or contradict the argument, through evidence-based judgement. Likewise, contributing factors of Parkinson’s disease stand firm ground between the evaluation of healthcare professionals across the platform. The Parkison’s debate, distinctly separates itself into three categories, which will be discussed in this article.

ADHD: Over Diagnosed or Loosely Defined?

Accusations of ADHD’s overdiagnosis have been on a rise in recent years, as have diagnosed cases of ADHD. In 1997, the parent-reported percent of children with an ADHD diagnosis in a National Health Institute survey was just under 6%. Ten years later, this figure had risen to 10% [2].

The Brain: How does it actually work?

The brain, arguably it’s the human body’s most unexplored organ. That’s because it’s a very complicated organ that controls every possible aspect of our life. The way we think, how we feel, touch, see, and even something as simple as breathing, letting us stay alive every second.  The brain is made of about 60% fat […]

CRISPR Gene Editing: From novel treatment to reality

With the endless developments in genetic engineering and the discovery of CRISPR-Cas9 gene editing lately, it is difficult not to wonder if the creation of super mutants in our reality is possible. This article will explain how these so-called “superhumans” could already be walking the earth much sooner than expected, and explore the seemingly endless possibilities of this new gene-editing method.

What causes stuttering, how it is treated and how it may affect people

Background Stuttering, also known as speech dysfluency, is a condition that involves involuntary verbal expressions. Often stuttering is characterised by repetitions of words, letters or sounds, however, it may also be prolongations of the latter. In other instances speech dysfluency is demonstrated through tension in one’s speech while pronouncing words. A person who stutters may […]

When is the Next Pandemic after COVID coming? Sorry, it’s already here.

Five years ago, Bill Gates warned the world about an impending global pandemic during a TED Talk titled “The next outbreak? We’re not ready”. So, if Gates was right the first time, when can we expect the next pandemic? This article will address the implications of a mental health crisis already upon us and address the social stigmas associated with such illnesses.

Antibiotic Resistance: The Quiet Crisis

Introduction Since the inception of the first penicillin drug in 1928 by Alexander Fleming, antibiotics have systematically changed and revolutionized the field of medicine. These antibiotics drugs or antimicrobial substances are widely used throughout medical treatment to prevent infections by inhibiting the growth and survival of bacteria. However, as the use of antibiotics continues to […]

Arya Bhatt: Water Fluoridation

Water fluoridation is the adjustment of fluoride ions within the public water supply. Through extensive research, water fluoridation has been evidenced to improve the oral health of the wider population, especially in areas of lower deprivation where levels of oral health are seen to be much worse. This article will look into how water fluoridation […]

Magic Mushrooms: A Revolutionary Clinical Treatment

Introduction  Psychedelics, additionally known as hallucinogens,  are a class of drugs that are hallucinogenic, and can cause changes in perception, mood, and cognitive processes when they are taken by individuals (1). The most well-known psychedelic is psilocybin  – the key compound in magic mushrooms, which are prominent for the hallucinogenic effects they induce when ingested […]

Poxes and Vaccinations

This article discusses vaccinations through the lens of poxes, namely the small poxes that inspired Edward Jenner and the rapidly rising cases of monkey pox around the world. What are poxes? Poxes have a large double-strand DNA genome and an oval shape. Animals are the major carriers of the virus, and they also cause it. […]

What would we do without anaesthetics

General anaesthesia(scientifically known as narcosis) is the act of putting a patient to sleep, which induces complete unconsciousness. Its function is to prevent the patient’s awareness during surgery by suppressing reflex activity, which causes surgical interventions to be easier, and ultimately allows comfort to the patient. The development of anaesthetics has a unique and fascinating […]

Current Difficulties in Medical Diagnostics

Medical diagnostics allow medical professionals to chart medical symptoms to other data and produce diagnoses and outcomes. However, difficulties in this medical field can result in diagnostic errors, causing detrimental costs to patients and healthcare systems.

Importance of Oral Health

This article gives an introduction to the importance of oral health
for a better overall body health and how countries all over the world are attempting to better the oral health of the general population.

Risk Factors of Alzheimer’s Disease and the Impact of Socioeconomic Status: A Review

Abstract While the etiology of Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) is unknown, scientists have identified many risk factors, which will be examined in this review (Watwood, 2011). These risk factors include age, genetics, cardiovascular health, diet, sleep, mental health, education, and socioeconomic status (SES). In AD, a protein called beta-amyloid accumulates slowly over time, resulting in the risk […]


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