Schizophrenia and Highly Educated Guesses: Exploring Common Practices in Treating this Psychotic Disorder
This paper aims to review the history of schizophrenia and the development of past and current treatments, both in the United States and worldwide.
Abstract: Although two of the most significant breast cancer susceptibility proteins, BRCA1 and BRCA2, interact with each other in the same DNA damage repair (DDR) pathway (BRCA1 works in checkpoint activation and DNA repair, and BRCA2 plays a major role in homologous recombination), they react differently when exposed to aldehydes. Aldehydes, RCHO, have a more […]
Hypertensive complications in pregnancy are increasing in prevalence and often cause significant impairments in maternal and foetal mortality and morbidity. Managing and treating these disorders aims to prevent serious cerebrovascular and cardiovascular effects in the mother without compromising foetal well-being.
Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID) is a frequently misunderstood condition, and some do not even believe that it exists. This article discusses the biology of the condition itself, as well as how it impacts individuals and the tragic circumstances that lead to it.
By Aman Reddy Introduction History of SARS-CoV SARS-CoV-1 (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) is the designated name of a coronavirus that was first identified in February of 2003 after an outbreak in China. It spread to more than two dozen countries spanning across North and South America, Europe, and Asia.  . Despite this worldwide breakout, […]
Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Study of the Diagnostics, Risk Factors and Treatment of Alzheimer’s Disease
Abstract Progressive neuronal degeneration is a classic hallmark of many neurodegenerative diseases. The degenerative process is characterized by misfolded proteins, calcium deregulation and inflammation . Even though such pathologies have been identified, they are often overlapping with other neurodegenerative diseases, making it difficult to pinpoint diagnosis . In addition, there are several factors that can […]
Cold medicines are amongst the most commonly prescribed drugs by American doctors, however, healthcare professionals are beginning to acknowledge the many flaws with these types of medications. The first and most notable being increased transmission of infection, and the second being that medicated individuals may stay sick for longer. Despite these flaws, these drugs are effective at alleviating symptoms, so whether or not to go through with taking them is ultimately a personal choice.
Social media has proven to be a double-edged sword, especially in terms of peer pressure amongst adolescents – it is important to acknowledge its benefits, but its dangers cannot be ignored. This article explores how social media impacts today’s youth and how it induces peer pressure through the phenomena of behavioural display, behavioural reinforcement, and the amplification of the social desirability bias.
An article discussing the symptoms, causes, risk factors and treatment of Cushing’s Syndrome.
Fibromyalgia is a chronic condition that can cause pain across all areas of the body and often also causes extreme tiredness, sleep, memory, and mood problems.
Music listening interventions are increasingly used by current generations to achieve self-relaxation and other benefits. This study observes the emotional effects of music interventions on stress and anxiety-related symptoms in adolescents 14-18 years of age based on a conducted music listening interventions survey.
Preventive medicine involves a combination of medical practices which are designed to avoid disease and illness, with the aims of improving quality and quantity of life. This proactive approach to patient care ensures sickness is minimised to enable patients to have the best chance of recovery to optimum health.
Brain architecture is comprised of billions of connections between individual neurons across different areas of the brain. And this neural network is constructed from the bottom up–the first few years comprise of the simple and basic architectural design of the brain begins before birth and bleeds into adulthood.
Osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP), or ‘tooth in eye surgery’, is a medical procedure involving removing a patient’s tooth to replace the cornea and inserting a tiny lens before being implanted into the eye.
This article aims to take a detailed look into the chemistry behind Cooperative Binding in Haemoglobin.
This article tackles the idea of conformity and how it applies to how we as human conforms due to different types of social influences. Additionally, this article how psychology and neuroscience play a factor in the social factors that influence conformity.
Urinary tract infections are common among elders and women, but frequent antibiotic treatment can cause bacteria to become resistant. Researchers at Baylor found a non-antibiotic therapy by using a familiar medicine to treat UTIs.
Osteoarthritis is an extremely common disease, especially among the elderly, but we have not discovered a cure for the disease. At the Department of Biomedicine in the University of Basel, Switzerland, a research team thought of using cartilage tissue from the nasal septum, a structure that holds the formation of the nose. For this study, the Swiss scientists aim to use this tissue to repair the damage to the cartilage in the knee joints, specifically known as patellofemoral osteoarthritis.
Stress is an especially dangerous condition when continuously experienced, which can lead to chronic stress. A growing number of individuals among the general population are beginning to face chronic stress, among those medical students, putting them at risk for poor mental health and cardiovascular disease. This article explores such impacts as well as effective techniques to lower stress for those at risk.
For the past 67 years, the ability to donate viable organs to a recipient in need, known more commonly as organ transplantation, has been a life-saving treatment for those living on the edge of life. But, with great advances comes great imperfection. With the unequivocally difficult decisions of allocation, many physicians ask themselves the question: is the current legislation fair? Is it just to prioritize other people for certain criteria? UNOS claims to have the final system that satisfies all the controversy.
Mitochondrial replacement therapy is an emerging reproductive technology that produces an embryo with three genetic contributors. In 2015, the United Kingdom legalized mitochondrial replacement therapy. The New Scientist reported the birth of the first healthy child conceived by mitochondrial replacement therapy in 2016. This was led by New York-based physician Dr. Zhang. This was followed by a media frenzy, scientific debates, and ethical concerns from around the world. This article explores the aim, procedures, types, policies, and debates on this novel assisted reproductive technology.
Schizophrenia and highly educated guesses: Exploring common practices in treating this psychotic disorder
The article contains a review into the history of schizophrenia along with the treatment. This is done in order to understand exactly where schizophrenia is now as a disorder today. We then take a look at the neurobiology to understand a little about neurobiology on a chemical level ending with comparative treatments of schizophrenia worldwide.
An article exploring frontotemporal dementia and its causes, symptoms as well as management.
How does blue light affect your sleep? Blue light can improve sleep and help the brain recover from injury. The article analyzed was a placebo and blind trial displaying that it was unbiased.
We all initially have had thoughts that the skull is simply a bone structure to protect our all important brain. However- the skull is not just this, but rather a complex, multifunctional and dynamic structure. Read on to explore it’s numerous functions and adaptations!
The organ crisis is an ever-prominent issue as globally, the demand for healthy and well-functioning organs significantly exceeds the available supply. Xenotransplantation is a medical procedure whereby living cells, tissues or organs are transplanted from one species to another: a potential solution for the human organ crisis.
The use of music for children diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) dates back to the 1940s and over time has been adopted by clinicians. This article discusses the condition and its causes and analyses the potential of music therapy to improve the cognitive and social abilities of ASD patients through a neurological lens.
This article examines how different childhood experiences can affect multiracial-ethnic identities and impede the developmental process.
‘Attitudes towards vaccinations are evidence of a disconnect between the public and healthcare professionals.’
This article discusses the topic of vaccinations and how our society’s attitude toward medicine impact how we interact and view with health care proffesionals. Furthermore, the article explores childhood vaccination and also how being vaccinated is beneficial.
As the world undergoes a cultural revolution towards technology, we see an increasing number of youth trading in their jump ropes and outdoor toys for the newest ipad or phone. While it can be argued that this shift is an inevitable result of our evolving society, we also must acknowledge why it is a problem.
The article examines the mental health of physicians and physician assistants at an Orange County Urgent Care clinic during the COVID-19 pandemic. Through a correlation and statistical analysis, it was determined that the psychological well-being of physician assistants was impacted by the pandemic at greater levels than physicians.
With the importance of resource conservation becoming apparent in recent years, companies are beginning to experiment with lab-grown meat to make it a viable alternative to animal meat. Scientists are also beginning to examine the emergence of lab-grown meat and consider the benefits and detriments of this rapidly growing alternative.
Alfred Hitchcock’s film “Psycho”, while entertaining and thrilling to watch, may shed light on how outsiders perceive mental disorders and mental instability in others. This short analysis discusses Norman Bates’ mental state specifically.
Literature is full of stories of people dying of broken hearts with some of the oldest and most famous being found in several works of Shakespeare. The concept of a broken heart appears to be universal, lacking any sort of cultural specificity. This article will take a closer look at how such feelings can manifest themselves physically and Broken Heart Syndrome which may arise as a result of this.
Affecting over 60,000 Americans yearly, Parkinson’s Disease is a neurodegenerative condition that deteriorates the neurons in one’s brain. Early signs of Parkinson’s Disease include slight tremors and stiffness in the muscles. Research into Parkinson’s Disease in recent years has uncovered many possible treatments.
This article is an exploration of how addictive substances, in particular opioids, are able to ‘hijack’ the brain and trap individuals into a vicious cycle of addiction. With OUD as a particularly pressing problem globally, this paper is intended to give you a brief overview of the disorder.
This article explores the journey of donated blood from a donor to a recipient by tracking its processing– how it is collected, processed, stored, and used. Blood donations are at an all time low due to the COVID-19 pandemic, making it more important than ever to become a donor.
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