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Health and Disease

What is ADHD?

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, enervating disorder that can impact several aspects of an individual’s life and cause educational difficulties. Thankfully, doctors have found ways in which to treat this disorder.

A person with ADHD experiences a multitude of impairments, as well as problems with maintaining attention or completing a selected task. Some people with ADHD may have issues with sitting still and other symptoms. Whereas anyone might struggle with listening to things they find disinteresting from time to time, those with ADHD face consistent challenges with maintaining attention, and will be quick to follow through on impulses or become distracted. An individual with ADHD experiences impulsivity and severe distraction that is atypical for that person’s age. Signs of ADHD are typically clear throughout childhood, and parents quickly take notice of them.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) might have an effect on all aspects of a child’s life. Indeed, it impacts not only the kid, but also the parents and siblings, inflicting disturbances onto family and matrimonial functioning. The adverse effects of ADHD faced by children and their families change throughout the years of educational institution, with varied aspects of the disorder being additionally distinguished at different stages. ADHD might persist into adulthood, inflicting disruptions onto their work and private life.

Attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a chronic, enervating disorder that can impact several aspects of an individual’s life and cause educational difficulties. It can also lead to issues with social and a strained parent-child relationship. Whereas it had been formerly assumed that children eventually outgrow ADHD, recent studies indicate that the bulk of affected people still show notable symptoms of the disorder into adulthood. Children with the disorder are at a bigger risk of long-term negative outcomes, like lower academic achievements and employment attainment.

Many ADHD symptoms, like high activity levels, involve remaining still for long periods of time and restricted attention spans, and are more common in young children. The distinction in young people with ADHD is that their hyperactivity and basic cognitive process are perceptibly bigger than expected for their age. Therefore, it causes distress and/or issues working at home, in school or with friends.

While children with ADHD may be social, their lack of secondary thought may cause problems in school. They do not wait for their chance to share their thoughts, interrupt others, may become enraged, take wild risks and their emotions may spill over. They can be hot-headed, act violently or have temper tantrums. All of this carries a significant social price. They may have trouble managing the time and energy to complete a goal, especially if it is something that does not interest them. Thankfully, doctors have found ways in which to treat this disorder.

Medication is usually a very important part of treatment for a child with ADHD. However, it may be a tough call to make as a parent, as these medications are usually strong in nature. The two main varieties of ADHD medications are stimulants and non-stimulants. Central systema nervosum (CNS) stimulants are the most commonly prescribed category of ADHD medication. These medications work by increasing the amounts of the brain chemicals referred to as Dopastat and monoamine neurotransmitters. The result improves a child’s concentration and helps them focus. Amphetamine-based stimulants (Adderall, Dexedrine, Dextrostat) are usually used to treat ADHD. However, these stimulants can have effects that are tough to handle. Stimulants like Adderall may cause heart palpitations, headaches and sleep disorders. These medications may even worsen the behaviors of one with ADHD by causing them to become infuriated or furious out of obscurity. However, non-stimulant medications also are another choice. They may be used once stimulants have not worked or have caused effects that a child finds onerous to handle. In addition, antidepressants like tricyclic antidepressant (Pamelor) may be used. Similarly to stimulants, non-stimulants have side effects. These may include lightheadedness and constant headaches.

Stimulants are the foremost common treatment in children and teenagers. This is often the kind of medication a doctor might attempt first. Stimulants are used for an extended time and are well-tested. They assist the brain management impulses and manage behavior. Non-stimulants are not as well tested. For many children, they rely on therapy and other behavioral related exercises. However, they are typically used together with stimulants, as that combination works most effectively.

When one has ADHD, typically the sole use of medications will not help counter the impact of dealing with ADHD. Behavioural medical care or psychotherapy will enable one to create an outlet for their emotions and learn to live in a very productive manner. At the end of the day, medical science has created several advancements with this disorder, and the current medications and choices for medical care are simply the beginning.

References

Dimarucut, Jenna. “ADHD.” HealthyChildren.org, 18 Feb. 2013, http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/adhd/Pages/default.aspx. 

“Adhd Images.” Shutterstock, http://www.shutterstock.com/search/adhd. 

Mary S., Youth Medical Journal 2020

By Mary S

Mary Sheikh is a student at Mahwah High School in New Jersey. She is interested in the field of human and life sciences.

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